1. Trucks can be run on energy stored in a rotating flywheel, with an electric motor getting the flywheel up to its top speed of $200\pi$ rad/s. One such flywheel is a solid, uniform cylinder with a mass of 500kg and a radius of 1m. if the truck uses an average power of 8kW, for how many minutes can it operate between charging? (answer: 10^2 min) Please explain.
2. Please find the rotational inertia of a wheel that has a kinetic energy of 24000J when rotating at 602rev/min. (answer: 12.3kg.m^2). Please explain.
the momentum of inertia I of a uniform cylinder of radius R and mass m is
$I = m*R^2/2 =500*1*1/2 =250 kg*m^2$
The power is equal to the mechanical work over the total time, or the variation of kinetic energy over the total time.
$P = W/t = (Eci-Ecf)/t$
The final Ecf is zero, the initial Eci is
$Eci = I*\omega^2/2$
time $t = Eci/P = I*\omega^2/2/P = 250*(200*\pi)^2/2/8000 =6168 sec =102.8 minutes$
By definition the kinetic energy Ec of a solid having a moment of inertia I and an angular velocity $\omega$ is
$Ec = I*\omega^2/2$
$\omega = 602 *2*\pi/min = 602*2*\pi/60 =10.03*2*\pi = 63 1/s$
$I = 2*Ec/\omega^2 =2*24000/63^2 =12.09 kg*m^2$