Straight Wire (Griffiths)

You are given a wire along the $z$ axis, of radius $a$. For the magnetic field $B=B0(frac {y+a}{a})hat x$, the current density is $J=J0(frac{a-s}{a})hat z$.

a. Determine the current in the wire?

b. Determine the magnetic force on the wire.

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$s$ stands for radial distance from the wire center $( J) ⃗=J_0*(a-r)/a*z ̂$

Total current that flows in the wire is

$dI=J*dS$  with $S= πr^2$  so that

$I=∫_0^aJ_0*(a-r)/a*(2π*dr)=(2πJ_0)/a (ar-r^2/2)_0^a=2πJ_0  a/2=πaJ_0$

Infinitesimal magnetic force is


In cylindrical coordinates $dS=r*dr*dθ$

$y=r*sin⁡(θ)$  so that

$dF(r,θ)/L=(B_0 J_0)/a^2   (r*sin⁡(θ)+a)(a-r)*(rdr*dθ)$

$dF(r)/L=(B_0 J_0)/a^2  (a-r)rdr∫_0^2π (r*sin⁡〖θ+a)dθ=(B_0 J_0)/a^2  (a-r)*rdr*(2πa)$

$F/L=(2πB_0 J_0)/a ∫_0^a r(a-r)dr=(2πB_0 J_0)/a*a^3/6=(πa^2 B_0 J_0)/3$